Potchefstroom, the original capital city of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek founded in 1838, was the first town north of the Vaal River. Today Potchefstroom is known as the City of Expertise and is home to several tertiary institutions, as well as numerous research bureaus and training centres. This city on the Mooi River boasts a rich and varied historical and cultural legacy, including many declared national monuments, e.g. longest Oak Avenue in the Southern Hemisphere.
The first Government Gazette was printed and published in Potchefstroom. The Dutch Reformed Church in the Transvaal (at that time) was founded in Potchefstroom in 1842 and since 1895 the town has been the theological seminary of the Reformed Church.
The first shots of the First War of Independence were fired in Potchefstroom in 1880 and the town played a prominent role during the guerrilla phase of the Anglo Boer War.
Potchefstroom was the first town in the Transvaal to obtain municipal management. Currently it is one of the best-managed city councils in South Africa and has successfully integrated various cultures to strive towards a safe and clean environment.