The town is situated in the east of the Northern Cape Province.
The town was laid out by the Dutch Reformed Church on the farm Roodepan in 1892. It also lies on the N12 Treasure Route, which separates the actual town from its township.
The town is situated at the edge of a large pan, filled with shallow salty water during rainy years. Strydenburg was laid out by the Dutch Reformed Church in 1892 on the farm Roodedam. The well known Afrikaans author, FA Venter, was born and spent a great deal of his life in the district of Strydenburg. The town boasts well maintained remnants of Karoo style houses. The local guest houses and museum are fine examples of these Karoo ‘tuishuise’.